The use of nanotechnology in today’s manufacturing realm has resulted in the production of improved materials and new products that are better built, longer lasting, cleaner, safer and smarter products for the home and a multitude of industries. Although many manufacturers boast the the utilization of this technology in the research and development of their products, few purchasers understand the science and application of such innovation. Nanotechnology involves the study and manipulation of extremely small particles of matter, namely individual atoms and molecules that cannot be seen with the naked eye or even with the most common microscopes. How different atoms are arranged in something can affect the various properties of that item such as it’s strength, texture, durability or odor. Scientists who study nanotechnology alter the structures of materials at extremely small scales to achieve specific and new emergent properties. This is accomplished by putting atoms together in ways we have never done before, creating materials that are stronger, lighter, more durable, water-repellent, anti-reflective, self-cleaning, ultraviolet or infrared-resistant, anti-fog, antimicrobial, scratch-resistant or electrically conducive, among other things. The challenge with such an endeavor is that atoms are incredibly small and consequently, difficult to work with. In fact, the radius of a typical atom is one tenth of a billionth of a meter. To put this in perspective, a string of atoms one meter long would contain an atom for every person in the world. Fortunately, over the past few decades, scientists and engineers have become increasingly skilled at engineering materials down to individual atoms or groups of atoms. Many everyday commercial products that are now on the market rely on nanoscale materials and processes including fabric, sporting goods, automobile parts, luggage, batteries, food, electronics, medicine and fuel and it is estimated that the global nanotechnology market will reach $90.5 billion by 2021.
The study and utilization of nanotechnology is paving the way for new innovations that may benefit society in ways that we have not even begun to imagine. To date, nanotechnology is already broadening the medical tools, knowledge and therapies currently available to doctors, which may lead to the earlier detection and treatment of cancer and other medical conditions. Nanotechnology researchers are currently working on a number of different therapeutics where a nanoparticle can encapsulate or otherwise help to deliver medication directly to cancer cells and minimize the risk of damage to healthy tissue, as well exploring ways that nanotechnology can improve vaccines, including vaccine delivery without the use of needles. Nanotechnology also offers future transportation benefits, environmental remediation, and a multitude of electronic and energy applications. Many scientists are investigating new ways to develop clean, affordable and renewable energy sources, along with means to reduce energy consumption and lessen toxicity burdens on the environment. Energy innovations such as more efficient solar panels, stronger and lighter weight wind turbines, lighter car parts and improved fuel efficiency will likely be the face of a future shaped by nanotechnology.
At the forefront of industry attempts to revolutionize transportation and energy outcomes through the use of nanotechnology is Archoil , a leading supplier of progressive, high performance lubrication and fuel treatment products. Changes in diesel equipment design such as the introduction of post-combustion particulate filtration systems (DPF) and hydraulic-electric fuel injection systems (HEUI), as well as the introduction of biofuel and ultra low sulfur diesel blends, mandate progressive solutions to overcome new types of problems. By utilizing specific elements such as potassium borate, hexagonal boron nitrate and tungsten disulfid to decrease friction and corrosion while improving high load carrying capabilities, Archoil has engineered a range of formulations to address lubrication and fuel-related challenges present in modern diesel vehicles. Among these developments is Archoil’s AR9100 a nanoborate-based oil additive that forms a solid boundary lubricating film to reduce friction and provide anti-wear, extreme pressure and anti-corrosion protection to engines, gearboxes and hydraulic systems. This friction modifier improves lubricity by filling surface asperities creating a smooth, low friction, surface. Nanoborate has a lower shear strength than the metal it bonds to so friction between surfaces is reduced. This means less engine noise, better fuel economy and less heat from friction, while also improving power and efficiency. Better for the environment, your engine and you!